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How long does it take a calf to reach maturity?

Calf growth and maturity are important for any farmer or rancher to understand, no matter how big or small their herd is. There are a few different factors which indicate when a calf has reached maturity, however, these can vary for several reasons.

When a calf is born it will remain with its mother for about 6 months. They are considered calves until they start weaning. At this stage they begin to feed on grass and hay, this is known as the feeding stage. As feeding continues and they grow larger, they enter the growing stage. Usually, cows reach full maturity at the two year mark. 

Over the course of two years their stages of growth are as follows:

  • Calf
  • Feeder / weaner / grower
  • Steers / bulls / cows / heifers

Factors such as breed and nutrition can have an effect on these stages. Let’s take a look at them.


Different breeds of cattle will require different lengths of time to mature. Analyzing the time when a specific breed undergoes puberty is a good reference for how long full maturity will take. It must be said that predicting the exact time that growth and puberty stop is very difficult. In general, breeding a cow should be done after puberty but before full maturity.

In this instance, different breeds have been grouped into areas of origin. Here are the stats of calves reaching puberty in various parts of the world:

  • British Cattle reach puberty after between 12-14 months
  • Continental European Cattle reach puberty after between 13-15 months
  • American Cattle reach puberty after between 14-16 months


Cattle that are not fed a proper diet containing enough nutrition, may take longer to grow than normal. Their growth and maturity time will be delayed which will impact their general health negatively. In more extreme cases, cattle that are very undernourished may never reach full maturity. There is no doubt that poor diet stunts the cattle’s growth. Grass and hay contain the best nutrients for cattle.

If you have any questions or queries please do not hesitate to send them onto us. You can contact us by phone on (530) 949-4241 or send us an email at txbargrassfed@gmail.com.

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10910 Shasta Blvd, Los Molinos, CA, United States

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I'm glad I went with TX Bar Grassfed Cattle Company. I didn't get the amount of take home beef as I thought I would(my mistake), but the second I saw... read more

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April 4, 2023

Worked with Travis of TX Bar and Los Molinos Meats. It was our first time going through a "cow purchase" process and Travis was extremely helpful and the whole process... read more

Jesse Martin Avatar Jesse Martin
March 25, 2023

First time buying half a beef. Travis was very informative and was always available to answer questions. Great overall experience. We will be placing a second order... read more

Maria Alaniz Avatar Maria Alaniz
March 25, 2023

Great customer service and excellent meat!

Kyle Glagovich Avatar Kyle Glagovich
February 25, 2023

Transaction very smooth, great communication from deposit, to harvest , to butcher. The beef tastes heavenly. Nothing better than fresh. We'll be back. Thank you... read more

Debbie Waterman Avatar Debbie Waterman
January 25, 2023

Great price!!! Grass fed and grass finished. Easy communication with Travis and the Butcher. This was my first experience and absolutely no issues and great farmer doing what he does... read more

Artem Kolmyk Avatar Artem Kolmyk
January 25, 2023

Big shout out to TX Bar cattle company for feed the freezer with the highest quality grass fed beef. Working with Travis was really a please. Hands down... read more

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January 25, 2023

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October 25, 2022

This was my first experience buying beef off the hoof. I was so afraid I would mess it up. Fortunately I found TXBAR, their advertisement is fantastic, it explains... read more

Barbara Stewart Avatar Barbara Stewart
August 25, 2022

Thanks again for your hard work for another amazing animal!! Butcher said hanging weight was 775lbs!!! Massive lol. Woooo!! Food for a year+. And... read more

August 25, 2022

First time purchasing a half beef and it was a great experience.Travis was more than helpful and was easy to get ahold of if any questions were to come up.... read more

Ian Seifert Avatar Ian Seifert
May 25, 2022

Thank you very much! I picked it all up on Friday and the meat looks great. My wife's birthday was on Sunday and I whipped out the sous vide and... read more

George Mount Avatar George Mount
April 25, 2022

Hi Travis, As a new customer to the bulk meat buying process I was more than a little apprehensive spending this kind of money. But after working with you... read more

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April 25, 2022


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April 25, 2022

Picked up our first order of beef from TX Bar and very pleased with our purchase. Our first taste was the hamburger, cooked in cast iron along with onions/bell peppers/mushrooms... read more

Mark Stafford Avatar Mark Stafford
April 25, 2022

Absolute dream working with Travis. The whole process was so easy and seamless. From the deposit to the pickup we knew what was going on every step of the way.... read more

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April 25, 2022
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